Browse Items (248 total)

Citizenship_Cook deposition 12_1078_007.JPG
The Virginia Board decided that because members of the Pamunkey Indian tribe had never been allowed to vote, they were not considered citizens of the United States and thus could not be subject to the draft.

Citizenship_1940 Census 12_1078_005.JPG
Residents of the Mattaponi Indian Reservation argued that because they were wards of the state, they should not be counted in the census.

Citizenship_Indian Kemper ltr 12_1078_006.JPG
W.M. Kemper, executive assistant to the governor of Virginia, wrote to Chief Custalow of the Mattaponi Indian tribe that "all persons living within the Commonwealth" must be counted in the census.

Warren Co 070325_21.jpg
On September 13, 1902, the registrar in Warren County asked Charles Wilson Butler, a blacksmith, to explain section 4 of the new state constitution. Butler replied "that you men have no right to refuse to register me." But the registrar wrote that…

Robin v Hardaway 041470_02.JPG
"the Plts [Plaintiffs] are free and not Slaves."

Family of slaves tree 04-1407-03.JPG
Charles Evans and others sued for their freedom based on their descent from Jane Gibson, "an Indian Woman, the ancestor." They submitted this genealogical chart as evidence in Charles Evans et al. v. Lewis B. Allen, filed in the Superior Court of…

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